Small Fennel


SMALL FENNEL (KALONJI*)

NIGELLA SEED


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Small fennel is cultivated in many states of India. Small fennel is the seed of an herbal plant. Mostly, its seeds are used in medicines.Introduction:

          Small fennel is cultivated in many states of India. Its plants are smaller than aniseed. Its flowers are light blue, yellow and seem like a star. Its flowers blossom in early winters. Its half inch long and black fruits of small fennel grow in winters after falling the winters. Its fruits have black or dark brown seeds which are pungent and fragrant. These seeds are called “small fennel”. The seeds are 2 to 3 millimeters long and 2 millimeters broad. Outer part of its seeds is uneven but smooth from inside. Its leaves connect to one another. Small fennel is used as spice and as a medicine for the treatment of several diseases. Mostly, small fennel is used in Greek medicines.

        Small fennel is the seed of an herbal plant. Mostly, its seeds are used in medicines. Grind the seeds of small fennel properly and mix vinegar, honey or water in it and use.

        Oil is also obtained from the seeds of small fennel. This oil is very useful for the treatment of diseases. Its seeds can be used in the absence of its oil.

        The oil of small fennel contains different type of fat pieces. These pieces contain 60 percent Lirnoletik piece and about 11 percent Pashmehik piece. So, it contains 40 percent liberated acid and it may be more than it. It changes Carbonic oil into water easily. Mostly, its seeds are used as medicines. Its seeds contain a substance named “Saeponin”. Its seed also contain a bitter substance which is called “Nijaelin”. Small fennel passes the urine out easily and is useful in sperm disability. Its use also gets rid of all problems of menstrual excretion.

        Its oil is expectorant and this oil makes the blood vessels clean. Besides it, the use of its oil also alleviates unessential liquid from the blood. Its use on empty stomach in the morning and before going to bed gets rid of several diseases. The oil of small fennel should not be given to the pregnant woman because there is a doubt of abortion by its use.

Name in different languages:

English           -             Small Fanael

Hindi              -             Kalonji, Mangraila

Sanskrit          -             Kalvanchika, Kalajaji

Bengali           -             Mugrela

Gujrati            -             Kalonji

Marathi           -             Kalonji

Latin               -             Nigella sativa

Method of obtaining small fennel oil: Grind 250 grams small fennel and boil in 2.5 liters water until it remains one liter. Cool it. The oil floats on the surface of the water after boiling. Collect this oil into a bowl (Katori) with the help of hands until oil ends. Filter this oil and fill into a bottle. This oil can be used as medicine.

According to Scientists: It has been found after analyzing the chemical structure of small fennel that its seeds contain 31 percent red or brown stable oil. Its seeds also contain 0.5 to 1.6 percent yellow and brown unstable oil. This unstable oil has 45 to 60 percent Carbon and there are Dilaemonin and Simin. Besides it, small fennel contains Niegelan, sugar, poisonous Glycoside and Pichhil Sandriya acid.

Precautions: Taking over quantity of small fennel may be the cause of pain, illusion and excitement. It stimulates to the skin, kidney, intestines, stomach and uterus. Lemon should not be taken while taking small fennel.

Dose: Small fennel is taken in the quantity of 1 to 3 grams.

Useful in different diseases:

1. Cold and catarrh:

  • Toast 20 grams small fennel properly and tie it in a cloth. Smelling this preparation opens chocked nose and the patient gets rid of catarrh.
  • Boil half spoon oil of small fennel and 1\4 spoon olive oil in half cup of water until oil remains only oil then filter and store it. Pour 2 drops of this oil into the nose. Its use gets rid of cold, catarrh and coryza.
  • Mix fine powder of small fennel in olive oil and filter through a cloth. Pour this oil in the nose drop by drop. Its use stops constant sneezing caused by catarrh and coryza.
  • The patient of catarrh gets rid of this disease by smelling small fennel.
  • Toast the seeds of small fennel and make a packet by tying them in a cloth. In addition to, mix castor oil in equal amount small fennel seeds’ oil and pour into the nose. Its use gets rid of cold and catarrh.

2. Acnes: Grind small fennel with vinegar and apply it all over the face before sleeping at night. Wash face with fresh water in the morning. Acnes will disappear within a few days after its use.

3. Piles: Apply the ash of small fennel on the warts of piles regularly. The patient of this disease will get rid of this disease.

4. Skin diseases: Mix coconut oil in the powder of small fennel and rub it on the skin. All skin diseases will disappear after its use.

5. Rheumatism (Vatta disorders): Massage with the oil of small fennel on the vatta affected organs. Its use provides relief in rheumatism.   

6. Neural pain: Make a paste by grinding small fennel with curd. Apply this paste on the affected part to get relief in neural pain.

7. Baldness: Mix burnt small fennel in hair oil and massage head with this oil regularly. Its use gets rid of baldness and new hair grows.

8. Swelling:

  • Grind small fennel with water and apply it on the swollen part. Its use reduces all the types of swelling and gets rid of pain caused by hurt or sprain.
  • Apply ground small fennel on the hands and feet to reduce their swelling.

9. Stomach worms: Take 10 grams ground small fennel mixing with 3 spoons honey before sleeping at night regularly for some days. Its use destroys stomach worms.

10. Paralysis: Take 1\4 teaspoon oil of small fennel with one cup of milk regularly for a few months. Massage the oil of small fennel on the affected part along with its use. The patient gets good result by its use.

11. Delivery pain: Drink a decoction of small fennel to remain far from labour pain.

12. Ears swelling: Drop oil of small fennel into ears. Its use reduces the swelling and deafness.

13. Blood pressure:

  • Mix half spoon oil of small fennel in one cup of warm water. Drink this water twice a day. Its use normalizes to the blood pressure.
  • Mix 1 spoon oil of small fennel in 28 milliliters olive oil. Rub this mixture on the whole body and sit in the sunshine for half an hour. Its use provides relief. This process should be followed on every third day regularly for one month.

14. Polio: Mix half spoon oil of small fennel and one spoon honey in half cup of warm water. Give this mixture to the patient on empty stomach in the morning and before sleeping at night. Its use gets rid of polio.

15. Joints pain:

  • Mix one spoon of vinegar, half spoon oil of small fennel and 2 spoons honey together. Take this mixture twice a day on empty stomach in the morning and before sleeping at night. Joints’ ache disappears by its use.
  • Take the juice of 10 grams aniseed mixing with kanji (sour water). Its use provides relief in rheumatism.
  • Grind greater galangal and the leaves of soap-nut tree together. Make decoction by boiling above mixture and drink. Its use gets rid of arthritis.

16. Eye diseases: Mix half spoon oil of small fennel and 2 spoons honey in one cup juice of carrot. Drinking this juice twice a day gets rid of all diseases of the eyes as- eyes’ redness, cataract, watery eyes and weakness of the eyes. Apply this oil of small fennel on the eyelids and around the eyes before sleeping at night. Its use cures several eye diseases. The patient should not take pickle, brinjal, egg and fish during this treatment.

17. Revital: Mix half spoon oil of small fennel in the orange juice (narangi) and drink. Laziness and exhaustion disappear by its use.

18. Depression: Mix half spoon oil of small fennel in one cup of hot water. Drink this mixture before sleeping at night. Its use ends depression and exhaustion. 

19. Tumour: Apply oil of small fennel on the tumors. In addition to, mix spoonful oil of small fennel in hot milk and drink. The tumor will disappear by using this medicine.

20. Headache:

  • Massage oil of small fennel from forehead to the ears properly. Take half spoon oil of small fennel mixing with one spoon honey twice a day along with massage. Headache disappears by using these formulae.
  • Eat small fennel and massage the head with its oil mixing with olive oil. Headache and other diseases of the head will disappear by its use.

21. Malaria: Lick half spoon ground small fennel mixing with one spoon honey. Its use gets rid of malaria.

22. Epilepsy: Mix 2 spoons honey and half spoon oil of small fennel in one cup of warm water. Drink this water thrice a day. Its use gets rid of the fits of epilepsy. The patient should not take cold products as- guava, banana and pumpkin during this treatment.

23. Night fall:

  • Mix half spoon oil of small fennel in one cup apple juice. Drinking this mixture twice a day gets rid of night fall.
  • Mix 4 drops oil of small fennel in one spoon coconut oil. Apply this mixture on the head before sleeping at night. Its use gets rid of night fall. The patient should not take lemon during this treatment.

24. Constipation: Mix 5 grams sugar, 4 grams sonamukhi, and 1 glass of light hot milk and half spoon oil of small fennel together. Take this mixture before sleeping at night. This medicine breaks constipation.

25. Anemia: Boil 50 grams green mint in one cup of water and mix half spoon oil of small fennel in it. Take this mixture on empty stomach in the morning and before sleeping at night. Its use gets rid of anemia within 21 days. The patient should not take sour products during this treatment.

26. Stomachache:

  • Mix 2 spoons honey and half spoon oil of small fennel in one glass of lemon mixed water. Drink this mixture twice a day. Its use gets rid of stomachache caused by any reason. The patient should not take the products of gram flour during this treatment.
  • Take one pinch salt and half spoon oil of small fennel mixing in half glass of lukewarm water. Its use gets rid of stomachache.
  • Mix 2 spoons honey and half spoon oil of small fennel in one glass of orange juice. The patient person gets rid of stomach ache by drinking this mixture twice a day.

27. Vomiting: Take half spoon oil of small fennel mixing in half spoon ginger juice twice a day. Its use stops vomiting.

28. Hernia: Take 3 spoons juice of bitter-gourd mixing with half spoon oil of small fennel twice a day on empty stomach in the morning and before sleeping at night. Its use gets rid of hernia.

29. Jaundice: Take half spoon oil of small fennel mixing with one cup of milk on empty stomach in the morning and before sleeping at night regularly for about one week. Its use gets rid of jaundice. The patient should not take sour and spicy products in meal during this treatment.

30. Asthma: Mix one pinch salt, half spoon oil of small fennel and one spoon ghee together. Rub this mixture on the chest and throat. This preparation should be licked by mixing 2 spoons honey along with massage. Its use provides relief in asthma.

31. Cancer:

  • Mix half spoon oil of small fennel in one glass of grapes juice. Drinking this mixture thrice a day gets rid of cancer. It also provides relief in intestines cancer, blood cancer and throat cancer. Mix 2 kilograms wheat flour in one kilogram barley flour and make bread or groats with it along with above medicine. Eat these breads or groats regularly to get relief in cancer. The patient should not take potato, colocesia antiquorum (arabi) and brinjal during this treatment.
  • Mix small fennel in pudding (halwa) and give to the patient of cancer. Its use provides relief.

32. Tooth and gums’ ache: Mix one drop oil of small fennel and one drop clove oil together. Apply this mixture on the teeth and gums. Its use gets rid of ache. Burn rock salt and grind it properly to prepare powder. Mix 2-4 drops oil of small fennel in above powder. Brush with this mixture regularly. Its use makes tooth and gums strong.

33. Germs and hollowness of the tooth: Immerse a cotton piece in the oil of small fennel and keep in the hollowness of the tooth before sleeping at night. Its use destroys the germs of the tooth.

34. Insomnia: Take half spoon oil of small fennel mixing with one spoon honey before sleeping at night. Its use gets rid of insomnia and provides sound sleep.

35. Anuria and dysuria: Mix half spoon oil of small fennel and one spoon honey in 250 ml milk. The patient of anuria and dysuria gets rid of this disease by drinking this mixture.

36. Stone: Grind 250 grams small fennel and mix 125 grams honey in it. Add half spoon oil of small fennel and half cup water in the above mixture. Take this mixture on empty stomach twice a day for 21 days. Its use throws the stone out after melting.

37. Lisping: Mix 2 spoons honey in half spoon oil of small fennel and apply it on the tongue twice a day. Its use gets rid of lisping. The oil of small fennel should be given in the quantity of half spoon to the old person and 3 drops to the child. The patient should not take sour products, meat and wine during this treatment.

38. For long and black hair: Boil 50 grams small fennel in 1 liter water. Wash hair with this water regularly. Its use makes hair long and thick.

39. Overeating: Soak 50 grams small fennel in vinegar at night. Grind above mixture in the morning and mix honey in it. Take 4-5 grams this mixture to reduce appetite.

40. Stomach gas: Make the powder by grinding equal quantity of small fennel, cumin seed and caraway together. Take one spoon of this powder after the meals. Its use eliminates stomach gas.

41. Abortion:

  • Take half to one gram small fennel twice a day. Its use regulates chocked menstrual excretion and there is no fear to be pregnant.
  • Make the powder by grinding equal quantity of small fennel and carrot seeds together. Take 3 grams this powder twice a day. It is helpful in abortion.

42. Berri-Berri: Grind small fennel and apply it on the hands and feet. Its use reduces the swelling of the hands and feet. 

43. Dysmenorrhoea: (ache in menstrual excretion)

  • Take half to one gram small fennel. Its use remains a woman far from troubles during menses. Its use regulates choked menses.
  • Lick 3 grams powder of small fennel mixing with honey. A menstruant feels no trouble and pain while menses.

44. Irregularity of menstrual excretion: Take about half to 1.5 grams powder of small fennel. Its use makes menstrual excretion normal.

45. Amenorrhea:

  • Take half to one gram small fennel twice or thrice a day to get rid of amenorrhoea. It should not be given to the pregnant women because it may be the cause of abortion.
  • Mix half spoon oil of small fennel and 2 spoons honey in one cup of warm water. Drink this mixture twice a day to get rid of amenorrhea and stomachache caused by menses.

46. Mikcidima (Swelling of women’s face, hands and feet): Apply ground small fennel on the face, hands and feet to reduce swelling.

47. Excessive sneezing:

  • Crush small fennel and dried gram together properly and tie in a cloth. Smell this preparation to get rid of sneezing.
  • Smell ground seeds of small fennel to stops constant sneezing.

48. Impotence: A person gets rid of impotence by drinking the oil of small fennel mixing with olive oil.

49. Breast size: Give half to one gram small fennel to the woman twice a day. Its use increases the size of the breast. Breast appears beautiful after its use.

50. For increasing milk in the breast: Take half to one gram small fennel twice a day. Its use increases the milk in the breast.

51. Lactation secretion of milk: Give about one gram small fennel to a child’s mother twice a day. Its use increases the milk in the breast.

52. Itching and scabies: Grind 50 grams seeds of small fennel and mix 10 ml juice of beel leaves and 10 grams turmeric in it to prepare paste. Apply this paste on the affected area. Its use gets rid of itching and scabies.

53. Headache:

  • Toast the seeds of small fennel and grind them to prepare powder. Put this powder on a cloth and make a packet.  Headache disappears by smelling this packet.
  • Grind equal quantity of small fennel and black cumin seed with water. Apply this mixture on the forehead. Its use gets rid of headache caused by cold.

54. Collapsing stage: Take half to one gram ground small fennel to reduce the chilliness of the body and makes the nerves’ beating fast. Take half to one gram small fennel after every 6 hour to get rid of collapsing. This process should be stopped after getting relief. This medicine should not be used during pregnancy because it may be the cause of abortion.

55. Inflammation in the nerves: Apply ground small fennel on the nerves. Its use gets rid of inflammation and swelling of the nerves.

56. Weak memory: Grind about 2 grams small fennel and mix 2 grams honey in it. Take this mixture twice a day to enhance memory power.

57. Hiccup:

  • Lick 1 gram ground small fennel mixing with honey to stop hiccup.
  • Take half to one gram small fennel mixing with whey 3-4 times a day to stop hiccup.
  • A person gets rid of hiccups by taking 3 grams powder of small fennel mixing with butter.
  • Put black kidney bean in hubble-bubble and smoke it with tobacco. Its use provides relief if a person has been suffering from hiccup.
  • Grind 3 grams small fennel and mix curd’s water in it. Take this mixture to get rid of hiccup.