Mostly, saffron is cultivated in Kashmir valley of India. This saffron is light, thin, red, fragrant and beautiful like lotus. Pure saffron is very costly. Kashmiri mogra is accepted the best in all kinds of saffron. Saffron is also cultivated in enough quantity in foreign countries and imports in India.
The age of saffron plant is many years and it is 15 to 25 cm high. Its leaves are long, thin and sharp like grass. Its flowers are purple, which blossom alone or in 2-3 counts. Its each flower has 3 fibers of saffron. Its seeds are triangle and rectangle in shape, which have round kernels.
According to Ayurveda, saffron is stimulant and enhances sexual power. It also provides relief in problems of vesica, spleen, liver, brain and eyes. It is also useful to end burning sensation.
According to Scientists, after analyzing the chemical structure of saffron, it is found that it contains 1.37 percent oil, 12 percent humid, Picrosin named pungent liquid, sugar, wax, proteins, ash and three colours liquid. Saffron is used in many eatable products as delighting substance.
Identification of pure saffron: Pure saffron is dissolved in the water properly. Soak saffron in the water and rub it on the cloth, if cloth’s color turns into saffron and yellow, it should be considered that saffron is pure. If cloth color turns into red and yellow simultaneously, it should be considered that saffron is artificial.
Saffron cures initial stage of fever, blisters, chicken pox, small pox and typhoid. If someone suffers from poxes especially due to fever or bile, saffron should be used carefully.
Name in different languages:
Hindi - Keshar, Kesar
English - Saffron
Sanskrit - Kunkubh, Rakt Kashmir
Marathi - Keshar
Gujrati - Keshar
Bengali - Kukam
Telugu - Kukum puvu
Persian - Karkimas
Arabic - Jafran
Latin - Krokas setaevs
Useful in different diseases:
1. Eyesight weakness: Grind saffron with rosewater and drip it in the eyes regularly, it enhances eyesight.
2. Impotency: Put saffron, nutmeg and mace in betel-leaf thereafter give it to the patient twice or thrice a day. It is useful to end impotency.
3. Sperm with urine: The patient should take saffron with ghee daily because it prevents sperm with urine.
4. Cold, catarrh and cough:
- Shuffle saffron with milk and take it thrice a day for some days regularly, it cures cold, catarrh and cough.
- Mix about 24 to 36 milligrams saffron with hot milk and give it to the child to drink twice a day as well as coat ground saffron on the forehead and chest of the child. Using this process is useful to get relief in cough, cold and catarrh.
- Mix ground saffron with cold water and apply it in eyes to cure stye.
- Grind saffron and opium with rosewater and coat it on the eyes, it ends eyes redness.
6. Pneumonia: If any child has been suffering from pneumonia caused by cold, mix 240 to 480 milligrams saffron with hot milk and give it to the child to drink as well as rub paste of saffron on the forehead and chest of the child. Using this process provides relief in pneumonia caused by cold.
7. Surfeited: This disease is cured by taking 120 to 240 milligrams saffron with honey. It is also beneficial in diarrhoea and vomiting.
- Make the powder by grinding saffron and cobra saffron four grams each together thereafter give it to the suffered woman after beginning the menstrual excretion. The embryo exists in the womb by using this process.
- Grind root of saffron plant, peepal fibrous-root and seeds of shivlingi six grams each together thereafter filter and mix 18 grams sugar in it. After that, take 5 grams of this mixture with 250 ml raw milk of cow (The cow, which has calf) daily in the morning for about one week after menstrual excretion. It is helpful in conceiving.
9. Constipation: Grind half-gram saffron with ghee and give it to the patient, it breaks one-year chronic constipation.
10. Loose motions:
- Mix 1-2 fibers of pure saffron with pure ghee and give it to the child, it prevents loose motions.
- Mix 2 grams pure saffron and rice with pure ghee and give it to the child to lick because it prevents loose motions that occurs repeatedly.
- Mix asafetida, opium and saffron together and take it with honey, it prevents diarrhoea.
- Giving 120 to 240 milligrams saffron to the patient with honey prevents loose motions. It also ends surfeited and stomachache.
11. Deafness: Grind fine saffron, pink alum and alua 3 grams each together then add 50 ml basil juice in it. After that, drip 3-4 drops of this medicine in the ears for some days regularly to cure deafness.
12. Dysmenorrhoea: This disease is cured by giving 200 milligrams saffron to the suffered woman after mixing with milk twice or thrice a day.
13. Irregularity of menstrual excretion: Grind saffron and pyllitory root together and make tablets from it. Menstrual excretion becomes normal by giving these tablets to the suffered woman.
14. Metrorrhagia: Mix ¼-gram saffron powder with mixed syrup of sugar-candy and give it to the woman, it cures metrorrhagia.
15. Breast milk: Grind saffron with water and coat it on the breast because it increases milk in the breast.
16. Early ejaculation: Early ejaculation is cured by giving saffron to the patient after mixing with milk.
17. Stomach worms:
- Grind 3 grams saffron with 3 grams cinnamon and take it with warm water to end stomachache.
- Take 120 to 240 milligrams saffron twice a day and mix saffron with water and apply it on the stomach. Using this process is useful to get relief in stomachache, surfeited and loose motions.
- Taking 120 milligrams saffron and camphor with hot milk gets rid of stomach pain.
19. Heart weakness: Soak 120 milligrams saffron in 50 grams water in a small soil pot at overnight. In the next morning, eat 20-25 pieces of dry grapes and drink this water, it ends heart weakness. This process should be used for 15 days regularly.
20. Hysteria: Make the powder by grinding saffron, orris root and pepper root 10 grams each together. After that, give 5 grams this powder to the patient with water to cure hysteria.
21. Small pox:
- In beginning of chicken pox, give 60 milligrams ground saffron (fine ground) to the patient with currants (without seed) to cure chicken pox.
- Give 240 to 480 milligrams saffron to the patient with water of raw coconut twice a day to bring out pimples of small pox and cure quickly.
22. Rickets: Mix 10 grams urine of black cow with 10 grams saffron before sunrise and fill it in a bottle. After that, give 5 drops of this mixture to the suffered child with breast milk twice a day to cure rickets.
23. Children diseases:
- Mix ground saffron with honey and apply it in the eyes, it ends burning sensation of the eyes.
- Mix saffron and honey with juice of wild eggs plant flowers thereafter give it to the suffered child to lick. It is useful to cure cough.
- If any child has been suffering from cold, mix some saffron with milk and give it to the child to end body cold. In the winter season, this saffron should be given to the child with milk after every 3-4 days because it is very beneficial.
- If any child suffers from stomach worms, ix equal quantity of saffron and camphor together. Give ¼ spoons this mixture to the suffered child and after that give milk. It destroys stomach worms.
- Make a decoction by boiling saffron, liquorice, pepper and Indian jalap with water. Mix smooth soil into this decoction and dry it. This process should be continued 4 times. After that, give this soil to afflicted child to bring stomach soil out.
- Mix 5 grams saffron, 25 grams cow ghee and 50 grams old cotton of semal together. Burn this mixture and smell its smoke because it is useful to end headache and migraine too.
- Fry saffron with ghee and mix sugar-candy in it. Headache ends by smelling this mixture.
- If someone suffers from headache caused by air or vatta, mix saffron and dry ginger together and coat it on the forehead or head. It is useful to end headache.
- Make paste by grinding saffron with sandal and coat it on the head to end headache.
- Grind saffron and almond with cow milk then give it to the patient for smelling, it ends headache.
25. Migraine: Fry saffron and sugar with ghee and smell it to cure migraine.
26. Face appearance:
- Boil 4-5 petals of pure saffron’s flowers and one small cardamom with 250 ml milk. Drinking this mixture regularly improves face colour and glow. This milk should be drunk for one to 2 months regularly in winters.
- Mix some saffron with milk and drink, it improves face colour.
27. Body swelling: Grind saffron with water and apply it on the affected parts, it ends swelling that is caused by liver enlargement.