Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium, the basic minerals, are very important for our body. Chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese and zinc are very important element containing short vowel. Addition to them, selenium also plays an important role for keeping the health in sound condition. Other elements containing a short vowel like- sulphur, nickel, cobalt, pyurine, oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen also play their own important role in keeping our physical health.   

        Sometimes it does not find out that minerals and elements containing short vowel that are found in our diet, are they as much necessary for health as vitamin. Iron for blood and lime for bones together are important necessities during pregnancy. Due to deficiency of iodine and magnesium, goiter and cancer are occurred respectively. It seems that there is a relation between manganese and chromium and aggravation of heart disease. Chromium is also needed for maintaining the level of blood sugar. Due to deficiency of zinc, baldness, lack of appetite and sexual disorders can be occurred.    

Acidic mineral salts-

  • Phosphorus.
  • Sulphur.
  • Silicon.
  • Chlorine.
  • Fluorine.
  • Iodine.
  • Bromine.


        Grains, all types of meat, fish, egg, poori, chapatti of white flour, coconut, pistachio nut, walnut, vegetable ghee, chocolate, sweets, liquor, milk, pulses with skins, tea, coffee, peas, sugar, fine flour, etc.

Mineral salts alkaline in nature-

  • Calcium.
  • Sodium.
  • Potassium.
  • Magnesium.
  • Aluminium.
  • Lissome.
  • Iron.
  • Manganese.
  • Copper.
  • Zinc and nickel.


          Millet, Indian corn (millet), pulses with skins, all types of vegetables, yolk, butter, soyabean, green peas, all types of fruits, dry fruits, etc.

Chart/table of mineral salt


Mineral salts

Dosage per day

Main sources



30 mg to 40 mg

Wheat, maize, salad, almond, soybean, millet, pulses, spinach, peas, liver, heart, hip, eggs, barley, etc.



0.8 mg to 1.3 mg

Dry fig, turnip, milk, all types of leafy vegetables, cauliflower, etc.



1.00 gram daily

pistachio nut, all types of grains, eggs, fish, meat, liver, milk, etc.



1 gram

Cabbage, yolk, milk, etc.



In little quantity.

Sea fish, sea salt, fish liver, cord oil (fish oil), etc.

  • Lack of minerals in diet.
  • Unable to consumption due to disease or any other reason.
  • Lack of protein or sick kidneys or due to perspiration.