Actually, kapalbhati is the part of prayanama but some yogis consider this activity as the part of shatakaram. The practice of this prayanama develops dharana power and awakens kundilini power. The practice of this prayanama makes the mind happy and calm and there is an augmentation in religious knowledge. There is not a big difference between kapalbhati and bhastrika prayanama. Only some difference are found between the both prayanamas as breathing activity (inhaling and exhaling) is kept fast in kapalbhati prayanama, which helps in bringing out the gas from the stomach with speed and stomach comes out in it normal condition slowly. The practice of this prayanama clears the frontal part of the brain and makes the breathing activity normal. The activity of breathing (exhaling and inhaling) is done with speed.
Technique of kapalbhati-
Do the practice of this prayanama at clean and airy place. For the practice, sit in padma asana and control to the breath. Now take breath and fill into the lungs. When the air fills in the lungs completely, leave the breath (exhale) from both the nostrils from the speed with the sound. The sound should come from the nostrils while exhaling. Breath should not be taken while exhaling. Thereafter, take breath and exhale speedily with the sound. Thus, do this activity 10-15 times. Benefits of this activity depend on the breathing speed. In the beginning, take and exhale breath once in one second and thereafter increase it slowly and take and exhale breath 2-3 times in a second. Thus, do the practice of this activity about 100-200 times in one minute. Exhaling time should be half than the inhaling time.
Keep the mind free from tension and depression during the practice and do the practice with good thoughts. Practice of this prayanama should be done for 3-5 minutes in the beginning. If you feel tiredness during the practice, you should take rest for sometime. If you suffer from catarrh and phlegm which discharges from the nasal pipe repeatedly, do the practice of kapalbhati before the practice of kapalbhati prayanama. The nose will become cleaned by this activity. Sutraneti or dhouti activities are also done for cleaning the nose for the practice but take advice from yoga guru.
The person, who is the victim of jaundice, liver problems and heart problems, should not do the practice of this prayanama. There is a pressure and jolt on the heart by the practice of this activity, which is very harmful for the person. The person, who is bile natured, should do the practice of this prayanama for two minutes. You can feel pain in the waist during the practice of this activity but it will disappear slowly.
Benefits from this activity-
This prayanama provides spiritual benefit and increases dharna power in the mind. Headache, breathing problems and mental depression disappear by this prayanama. It makes the mind calm, happy and stable and ends the bad thoughts from the mind by which diseases as depression disappear. This activity brings the phlegm out. The practice of this prayanama purifies the cells and makes the lungs strong after curing diseases. It makes the mind and spinal cord clean. It increases luster, glow and beauty of the face.
It increases digestive power by clearing the stomach, which ends intestines’ weakness. All the diseases are cured by the practice of this prayanama. It reduces the fat of the stomach and ends obesity (fatness). Anorexia, bile disorder, chronic phlegm, blood disorders, rheumatism, poisonous disorders, skin diseases, asthma, breathing problems, allergy, diabetes, gastric disorders, constipation, acidity, kidney diseases, prostate diseases, headache, insomnia, excessive sleep, bald head, internal boil of the nose, fat, catarrh, cold, eye diseases, deafness, epilepsy and many diseases are cured by the practice of this prayanama. The practice of this prayanama in the winter season produced warmth in the body. This prayanama also ends the retention of the veins and kills the worms.
According to yoga granthas, the practice of Kapalbhati prayanama can be done with other four techniques as bahari (external) prayanama, vaatkrama kirya, vyutkrama kirya and sheemkrama kirya.
Bahari (External) prayanama-
Sit in padma asana or sidhda asana on the floor in this activity. Now leave the breath (exhale) with full strength. After that, bend the body forwards and touch the chin to the throat and bring the shoulders forward by pressing on the upper side. Now come in the position of moolbandh and then uddiyan bandh. Stay in this position according to your capacity by stopping the breath. When you are not able in stopping the breath, leave these three bandhas and raise the head up slowly. Take breath and exhale soon and stop the breath outward come in the position of three bandhas again. Do this activity three times and increase its time slowly unto 21 times.
The practice of this prayanama ends frivolity of the mind and makes the digestive system strong. All the diseases of the mind disappear by this prayanama. It makes the intellectuality sharp. It raises the sperm count up and ends the nightfall, early ejaculation and sperm disorders. The practice of this prayanama massages to all the body parts. Sometimes, a person feels pain in weak part of the stomach during the practice of this prayanama in the beginning. The person should take rest at the time of pain and he should do the practice carefully for the treatment of diseases.
This activity should be done by sitting in the position of sukha asana. Keep the body straight after sitting in sukha asana and close the eyes. Put right thumb on the right nostril and remaining fingers on the left nostrils. After that, close the right nostril while making the body light and take breath through the left nostril and close the right nostril and exhale from the right nostril by closing the left nostril. After that, take breath through the right nostril and exhale from the left nostril by closing the right nostril. This activity should be done for 3-5 minutes.
Breathing activity (exhaling and inhaling) should be kept normal here. All the disorders and diseases related to phlegm are cured by the practice of this prayanama.
In this activity, sit on the floor in above asana and keep the body straight. Fill water in any pot and put it near you. Now fill water in anjuli and bend the head downward and inhale water into the nostrils. This water will come in the mouth through the way of nose. Exclude this water but keep one thing in the brain that this activity should be done carefully because water can reach into the brain because of carelessness which may be harmful.
This activity brings out the phlegm out from the nose and it cleans the nasal cavity.
This practice increases the resistance capacity of the body and cures all the diseases related to phlegm.
These four techniques are very difficult activities. Therefore, do the practice of this activity carefully and in the supervision of any yoga guru. Oxygen should present in sufficient quantity in the lungs to face the problems, which occur suddenly while doing the practice of kapalabhati prayanama by wet technique so that water may be bring out easily if water reaches into the air pipe while inhaling water.
‘Dry’ and ‘wet’ techniques of the kapalbhati purify the cavities of the brain. The resistance capacity of the body against the diseases is increased by this prayanama. This prayanama cleans the nervous and purifies the body.