Introduction of Ayurveda
What is Ayurveda?
Ayurveda is one in all the oldest medical systems of the world. It is the enlargement of Atharvaveda. It is the composition of science, art and philosophy. Ayurveda means “knowledge of life” and it is the epitome of Ayurveda. This medical system not only provides the formulae of treatment of the diseases but also it discuss about the prevention of the ailments.
Ayurveda and Ayurvigyan both are related to medical science but ancient Indian method of treatment practically is called ayurveda and allopathic system (doctery in common language) has been called as Ayurvigyan.
According to archaeologist, Rigveda is the oldest book of the world. A large number of scholars consider that it was written 3000 B.C to 50,000 B.C. Important principles of Ayurveda have been described on some places in this Samhita. Granthas as Charak, Shushrut, Kashyap, etc consider Ayurveda as the part of Atharvaveda. Here antiquity of Ayurveda proves by it. So, we can say that Ayurveda was created 3,000 B.C. to 50,000 B.C. viz almost about the period of the origin of the world.
According to Charak’s opinion, the description about Agnivesh has been mentioned along with the extract of Ayurveda in this world in the context of Ayurveda historical knowledge. First, Prajapati took the knowledge of Ayurveda from Brahma and after it Ashwin Kumars took from Prajapati, Indra from Ashwin Kumars and Bhardwaj took its knowledge from Indra. Saint Chavhan has been considered as the contemporary of Ashwin Kumars. Saint Chavhan’s contribution is very important in the development of ayurveda and after that bhardwaj got long happy healthy life because of the impact of ayurveda and publicized it in other saints and seers. After that, Punarvasu Aatrey gave this knowledge to six pupils named Agnivesh, Bhel, Jatu, Parashar, Hareet and Ksharanpaani. One pupil in all these six pupils named Agnivesh wrote a Samhita-Agnivesh Tantraka which had been purified by Charak later on and it was given the name Charak Samhita which is the base of Ayurveda.
According to Shrushut, when Shrushut with other saints went near god Dhanwantri appeared in Kashiraaj Diwodaas and requested to him. at that time, god Dhanwantri preached to them that first lord Brahma created the small form of Atharvaveda Ayurveda in hundreds of chapters and thousands of stanzas before the manufacturing of the world and divided it into eight parts by considering the human being as less intelligent.
Thus, Dhanwantri considered that Ayurveda was created by Lord Brahma. God Dhanwantri described that Daksh Prajapati took the knowledge of Ayurveda from Brahma and Ashwin Kumar Dway from Prajapati and Indra took this knowledge from Ashwin Kumars.