Intake of poison


INTAKE OF POISON


Introduction-

        Many people take dangerous substance such as poison knowingly or unknowingly that generates symptoms like- stomachache, burning, loose motion, vomiting, insomnia, unconsciousness, etc. after reaching in the body. In such condition, if the sufferer does not get proper treatment on time, he/she may die too.

        There are various types of poison. Few of them are used in our daily life like- stale food, kerosene oil, petrol, phenyl, floor polish, insecticides, detergent, toilet cleaner and alkali, acid, walls’ paints and many other chemicals. In addition to them, there are many such things which are, if taken in right quantity, acts as diet, but if they are taken in over dose, they act like poison.

        There is high possibility to intake poisonous things by children especially small children comparison to adults knowingly or unknowingly. Therefore, it is better to follow the policy named ‘Prevention is better than cure.’

        Most of the case to intake poisonous things happens in families only like- 34% in kitchen, 27% in bedroom, 15% in bathroom and toilet and 9% in living (drawing) room, etc. therefore, the things which may prove poisonous should be kept on such places away from children’s reach. Poisonous substance should never be kept along with eatables. As well as the poisonous substances and medicines should be kept in such packets on which their names have been written clearly. Do not put them in such containers on which their names have not been written.         

        Remaining or useless medicines should be thrown very carefully away from children. For this purpose, it is better to wash them in wash basin or drain, etc.

        Keep away all types of medicines from the reach of children. Medicines should never be given to the children for taking or drinking.

        While giving sweet medicines to the children, you should never be convinced them by saying that it is a toffee, because it may be possible that he/she intakes that medicine by considering it toffee.

        It is not necessary that poisonous substances are found in the form of solid or liquid only, they may be found in gaseous form too and may reach inside our body through respiration resulting their poisonous effects may appear. Smoke, gas coming from stove running with kerosene, LPG, gases coming out from sewer, gases coming out from various vehicles, gases coming out after explosions, various types of useless gases coming out from factories and industries like- sulphur dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, etc. are such types of gases.           

Many people have to work with various types of poisonous substances in different factories or industries like- chemicals, medicines, insecticides, paints, explosions, etc, and even following many precautions, poisonous substances are entered inside his/her body.

Few people intake poison knowingly for committing suicide in the condition of depression or due to any problem. Like this, there are many ways through which poison may enter inside our body.

Now, a question arises in the mind that what should be done when any poisonous substance has been entered inside the body whether knowingly or unknowingly and also no any type of medical help is available at that time so that poison could not able to be multiplied in the entire body. Here, few ways are describing below with the help of which we can prevent poison to be multiplied in the entire body-

If any poisonous substance has been entered inside the body of a person, first of all he/she should be carried to an open place and then you should need to call a doctor immediately or should do arrangement for carrying him/her to the nearest hospital or dispensary. Then, you should pick up the wrapper or empty bottle by yourself which poison has been entered inside the body the sufferer, because it may be helpful for a doctor to find out the nature of poison which is very important in the treatment. The sample of vomiting materials or spit coming out from the sufferer’s mouth should also be kept with you for medical check up.  

After taking poison, if the person is become unconscious, do not try to allow him/her for vomiting and make him/her to lie down on any hard surface on his/her back. In this posture, there is no any pressure fall on the stomach and therefore vomiting materials do not trapped in voice box as well as the tongue also does not entangled in breathing pipe. This posture is also very suitable for giving artificial breath if needed.  

        If the sufferer is vomiting too much, turn him/her as lying down on side. Bend one of his/her legs at the knee and let other ones as straight.

        If the sufferer is unconscious and his/her breathe is running very slowly or has been stopped, start giving artificial breath to him/her until a doctor comes.

        Try to make the sufferer to vomit by flapping gently on the rear section of his/her neck or by giving salty water (solution). (For making the solution, add a spoonful of salt in a jug of lukewarm water).    

        If it is confirmed that one has taken poison, it is better to make the sufferer’s stomach empty. If he/she would take poison really, it will be very beneficial and if he/she would not take poison, it will also not generate any harmful effects. One thing is very important for everyone to know that the poison can be removed out from the body even up to 8 hours after taking it.

        When a person intakes acid, alkali, petrol, kerosene oil, paints, thinner, furniture's polish, shampoo, detergent, etc, the sufferer should not be made to vomit.

        Poison is become less effective also by giving cold water in additional volume to the sufferer for drinking. The burning sensation of the body is also decreased and the shortage of water inside the body due to vomiting is also fulfilled. For this purpose, coconut (raw) water is more effective, because it provides nutrition too. Giving milk, yolk (the yellow part of an egg), etc. after mixing it in water is also very beneficial for the sufferer. If a small child intakes any poisonous substance at home in little quantity, follow the ways giving below-    

        The name of few poisonous substances, their poisonous effects and primary treatment for the person who intake them have been given below-

Poisonous substances

Poisonous effects

Primary treatment

Alkali

Its effects depends on its taken quantity

Do not try to make the sufferer to vomit, but give milk, lemon juice, vinegar, white part an egg, etc.

Ammonia

Its effects depend on its taken quantity. Violent burning occurs in throat and breathing pipe after inhaling the smoke of powerful ammonia. The dilute form of dusty ammonia is about 8% which may causes burning in the mouth, esophagus and stomach as well as vomiting may take place too after sometime.

Follow the primary treatment said above. In few case, when ammonia has been taken in additional quantity, artificial breath can be given too if necessary. If one is feeling burning sensation in his/her eyes by the smoke of ammonia, wash the eyes many times with cold and clean water after opening them. Drip few drops of diluted boric acid in the eyes for eliminating pain.

Iron tablet

It may be very harmful for the children below 3 years to take 6 tablets of iron at once and taking 14 tablets of it may be risky (dangerous). In few children, it takes times in showing its result. Symptoms like- vomiting, stomachache, diarrhea, weakness, fast pulse rate, turning the body in to blue, etc. may appear by taking it.

Make the suffered child to vomit immediately. Give him/her milk and milk of magnesia. After that, carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Arsenic (it is found in rat killer medicines and insecticides in additional quantity).

It is very dangerous poison. Within 15 minutes after taking it, symptoms start appearing like- vomiting, diarrhea, tightness in throat, violent stomachache, cramps in muscles, suppression of urine, unconsciousness, etc.

Give 3-4 glasses of milk or diluted solution of eating soda to the sufferer and then make him/her to vomit. Giving him/her the white part of an egg and olive oil in additional quantity. After vomiting, give water mixed charcoal tablet in it.

Fertilizer

There is no doubt that it is little poisonous and after taking it, burning sensation may occur inside stomach.

Give milk to the sufferer immediately.

Antidepressant drug

It is very dangerous poison. After taking it, sleeping mode may occur that may later change into coma. Disturbance may occur in the functions of heart. It may be risky for children life.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately and then carry him/her to a doctor.

Antiseptic (detol, mercurochrome, etc.)

Little poisonous

If one has drunk it in additional quantity, vomiting will take place by itself. But if he/she does not vomit, make him/her to vomit and then give milk for drinking.

Aspirin

Its effects depend on the age of the sufferer- 15 grams or more for an adult, 3 grams or more for one year children, half gram for the children below one year. It shows its effects slowly. The sufferer’s breath may become fast; feels violent thirst, profuse sweating, fever, or the sufferer is confused mentally.

Make the sufferer to vomit and give water or milk in additional quantity to him/her. After vomiting, give the solution of eating soda to him/her (a tea spoon of soda in a jug of water) for drinking. Strong tea or coffee can also be given.

Aerosol spray

It is very less poisonous. If it fallen in the eyes, they become red, and pain starts in them.

 Wash the sufferer’s eyes well with clean and cold water so that there is no any particle could remain in them.

Oven cleaner

It is very poisonous.

Do not try to make the sufferer to vomit, but give milk, lemon juice, vinegar or the white part of an egg, etc. to him/her.

Carbon tetrachloride (cleaning liquid, pain remover, fire extinguisher, etc.)

It shows its effects after drinking and absorbed by skin. Symptoms like vomiting, headache, diarrhea, sight confusion, malfunctioning of the nervous system, etc. start appearing. In case of smelling, it does not show its poisonous effect at that time, but later our kidney and liver may be affected.

If a person has smelt the steam of carbon tetrachloride, carry him/her to an open air immediately and give artificial breath if needed. if he/she has drank it, carry him/her to a doctor immediately after giving additional water for drinking so that his/her kidneys and liver can be prevented to get its harmful effects. Make him/her to vomit again and again. Wash his/her affected organs with water and do not give him/her any type of fat or alcohol.

Car polish (normally it is soluble in water or kerosene oil)

Partial poisonous (neither too nor less poisonous)

Give milk to him/her immediately.

Carbon monoxide gas (produced by burning coal in a packed room, present in the exhort of motor vehicles, etc.)

It is very poisonous gas. It may be responsible for vertigo, headache or the condition of coma or the malfunctioning of the nervous system, etc. living in the environment of carbon monoxide for long time may be responsible for death too.

Remove the sufferer from that place immediately and carry him/her to an open place.

Carry him/her as lifting, because he/she may feel too tiredness due to deficiency of oxygen.

Give artificial breath to him/her and if possible, provide oxygen. After that, carry him/her to the nearest well furnished hospital. Let the sufferer to take rest for hours even after become normal.

Caustic soda

Same as in case of alkali, because it is a type of strong alkali.

Do not make the sufferer to vomit, but give milk, lemon juice, vinegar or the white part of an egg, etc. to him/her.

Chemical used for killing insects and destroying garbage.

It is too poisonous. It generates symptoms like- vertigo, blurriness, obstruction in chest, slow pulse rate, contraction of eyes balls, blue lips, muscular contraction, etc.

Call a doctor immediately and go on giving artificial breath to him/her until doctor comes.

Insects replacement (chemical to remove away insects)

It is very poisonous chemical. It may generate vomiting if taken in additional quantity.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately and then give milk to him/her for drinking.

Calamine lotion

It is partial poisonous i.e. neither too poisonous nor less ones.

Give milk to the sufferer immediately for drinking.

Cleaner like- vim, etc.

It is very less poisonous.

Give milk to the sufferer immediately for drinking. Well, there is no any particular need to make the sufferer for vomiting, because it may generate froth.

Deodorant: in the form of block, fluid and aerosol, etc.

It is very less poisonous.

Block deodorant make the sufferer to vomit or give fruits’ juice to him/her for drinking. Milk should not be given to him/her, because it is fast absorber.

Do not make the sufferer to vomit, because poisonous substance may enter in lungs through breath and he/she may be suffered from pneumonia too. Give water or raw coconut water to him/her in additional quantity for drinking. Give paraffin liquid if available, because it is more beneficial than water.

Medicine used for killing ants

It is too poisonous. Vomiting and loose motions start taking place after an hour of drinking it.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately.

Give milk, white part of an egg or olive oil in additional quantity to him/her. After vomiting, give him/her the powder of charcoal tablet mixed in water.

Chest rub (ointment used for rubbing on the chest)

It is very less poisonous.

Give milk to the sufferer immediately for drinking.

Poisonous eatables (food stuffs):

 

 

Poisonous fish

Eating poisonous fish may generate symptoms like- vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache, weakness or numbness, etc. which starts from mouth and then is moved to hands and legs, etc.

In this condition, make the sufferer to vomiting immediately.

Poisonous mushroom

It shows its poisonous (harmful) effects after many hours of eating like- stomachache, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. in few conditions, the patient comes in the condition of shock or cramps are occurred in his/her muscles or then he/he may become unconscious. He/she may die too due to it.

Keep the sufferer as lying down on bed. If he/she is not feeling vomiting, make him/her to vomit forcefully. Try to make his/her body as warm so that the condition of shock would not able to occur and then carry him/her to a doctor.

Botulism (bacteria present in vegetables). Such bacteria may present also in fruits, meat and foods; stale or improperly packaged fruits or vegetables. These bacteria are destroyed by boiling the vegetables for 20 minutes.

It is too poisonous and generates symptoms like- vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache, etc. such types of symptoms may appear after 18 hours or more than it. later other symptoms also start appearing like- blurriness (appear one thing as two), muscular debility, cramps in the muscles of throat and pharynx, difficulty in swallowing or breathing, etc.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately and then carry him/her to a doctor.

Give artificial breath to him/her according to need.

 

Salmonellasis (infection of Salmonella) - generated by bacteria named salmonella present in infected (polluted) foods especially in polluted meat and its products and duck’s eggs, etc. this disease may be present also in those animals whose meat has been eating.

Cramps in stomach, diarrhea, and occasionally low fever with cold. Such symptoms persist for two days.

Give the juice of apple, black berry, etc. to the sufferer. It prevents diarrhea. If the patient’s condition does not improve, consult a doctor.

Liquids used in dry cleaning.

It is less poisonous. Carbon tetrachloride presents in few of them. White spirit also presents in few of the dry cleaning liquid substances.

If a person has smelt the steam of carbon tetrachloride, carry him/her to fresh air. Give artificial breath to him/her if needed.

If he/she has drank it, carry him/her to a doctor after giving much water for drinking so that its harmful (poisonous) effects on his/her kidneys and liver could be prevented. Make him/her to vomit again and again.

Wash his/her affected parts with water and do not give any type of fat and alcohol to him/her.

Detergent

Normally, it is not poisonous, but it may generate burning sensation of abdomen and diarrhea.

Give milk or white part of an egg to the sufferer. Do not try to make him/her to vomit. It may generate froth and detergent may go inside the body along with breath.

D.D.T. and other chlorinated carbonic insecticides used gardens and farms like- aldrin, benzene hexachloride, D.D.T. D.D.E., D.F.D.T., Dildrin, heptachlor, linden, etc.

It generates symptoms like- pain in body parts, burning of nerves, debility in thinking, muscular cramps, unconsciousness, etc. by smelling or touching it.

If a person has eaten it, give 3-4 glasses of lukewarm water and make him/her to vomit by putting finger inside his/her mouth.  Do it many times so that his/her stomach could become empty completely. Do not give any type of fat to him/her.

If he/she feels difficulty in breathing after smelling it, give artificial breath to him and carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Drain cleaner (chemical used to clean drain, etc.)

It is very poisonous. It may burn the mouth and internal organs of our body. The breath and pulse of the patient become fast and food pipe may become narrow.

Give vinegar, lemon juice or orange juice in little quantity to the sufferer if he/she has no any difficulty in drinking it.

Olive oil provides relief to him/her in pain.

Turpentine oil

It is poisonous. It is a product of petroleum. It is more poisonous comparison to kerosene oil.

Do not make the sufferer to vomit, because poisonous substances may go inside his/her lungs and pneumonia may occur. Give water or raw coconut water in additional quantity to him/her for drinking. Give paraffin if available. It is more beneficial than water.

Strong acids like- Hydrochloric acid, Sulphuric acid and Nitric acid.

Its effects depend on its taken quantity.

Do not try to make the sufferer for vomiting; it may be harmful for esophagus which has been already affected by drinking acid.

Give water, milk, milk of magnesia or anti-acid mixture, etc. if he/she can drink. Give the solution of bicarbonate.

Barbiturates (sleeping tablets) - Barbiturate consists of many drugs that makes the people sleep).

10 times more than sufficient dose of such drugs is very dangerous for one’s life.

Taking its over dose may generate coma.

The sufferer’s breath is become slow, blood pressure is decreased and the condition of shock occurs. Intoxication occurs before these symptoms.

Make the sufferer, if he/she in conscious stage, to vomit by giving 3-4 glasses of the solution of eating soda.

Remove out poison from his/her stomach. Give the solution of magnesium sulphate (two tea spoons of it in a jug of water).

Give him/her hot coffee for drinking.

Do not allow him/her to sleep.

Do not try to make the sufferer for vomiting in hi/her unconscious stage.

Give artificial breath if needed.

Nicotine (present in many insecticides)

It is very poisonous. It is absorbed by our body rapidly. It creates disturbances in nervous impulses. Even its little dose may be dangerous for one’s life.

Carry the sufferer to a doctor immediately.

Nail polish

It is less poisonous.

Give milk to the sufferer for drinking.

Nail polish remover

It is less poisonous. Acetone and butyl acetate are present in it. It may generate burning and restless inside the mouth and throat.

If a person has taken it in the quantity more than 20 ml, make him/her to vomit immediately and then give milk to him/her for drinking.

Nail hardener

It is minor in respect of poisonous.

If one has taken it in over dose, make him/her to vomit immediately then give milk for drinking.

Naphthalene tablets

It is too poisonous. By intake of even a tablet, it may be responsible for vomiting, diarrhea, etc. in children. After that, irritation and restlessness may occur. The sufferer may feel burning sensation while urination; depression may take place and unconsciousness may occur. The kidneys and liver of the sufferer may also get harmful effects.

Make the sufferer to vomit again and again so that his/her stomach could become empty.

Give liquids substances in additional quantity so that poisonous effect would decrease in the kidneys.

Giving milk or the solution of eating soda will be helpful in making the sufferer to vomit.

Do not give any type of fat or alcohol to him/her.

Mercury and its compound (teething powder, etc.). Mercury may enter inside the body after breaking the thermometer in the mouth.

Poisonous

Give white part of an egg mixed in water to the sufferer. After that, make him/her to vomit by giving milk and then carry him/her to a doctor.

Prussic acid (used in photography and electroplating) - present in bitter almonds and raw tender germination of bamboo.

Too poisonous

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately and give artificial breath and then carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Paint

The paints used by painters are very poisonous. The pains of walls and furniture are also too poisonous.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately and then give milk to him/her for drinking.

Parquet

Too poisonous

Carry the sufferer to the nearest hospital immediately.

Paracytmol

It may prove very poisonous by taking in over dose.

15 grams of its quantity is poisonous for an adult. For children, its 210 mg per 1 kg of their weight may be poisonous. (Maximum 0.5 gram of it is present in most of the tablets).

Vomiting starts taking place after taking its over dose; profuse perspiration starts and blood pressure is decreased.

Troubles may occur in the liver after few days.

Carry the sufferer to the nearest hospital immediately. Charcoal tablets as ground can be given to him/her in case of emergency.

Furniture polish

Most of the furniture polishes have white spirit.

Do not make the sufferer to vomit, because poisonous substance may enter in lungs through breath and he/she may be suffered from pneumonia. Give water or raw coconut water in additional quantity. Give paraffin liquid if available. It is more beneficial than water.

Floor polish

Most of the polishes are watery emulsion. Few have kerosene oil.

Give milk to the sufferer for drinking, but not make him/her to vomit.

Faulidol (used for killing beetles and cockroaches)

Too poisonous

Make the sufferer to vomit. Give water or raw coconut water to him/her for drinking. Give artificial breath if needed. Carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Phosphorus (present in the chemical used for killing rat)

It is very poisonous and generates symptoms like- burning sensation in the mouth, food pipe and stomach, diarrhea and vomiting, etc. shining, smell like garlic in vomiting materials, stools, urine due to phosphorus; harmful affects of kidneys and liver.

Blue vitriol (copper sulphate) is the best for treating phosphorus poisoning. Give the dilute solution of blue vitriol (1/8 tea spoon in 500 ml water) to the sufferer immediately for drinking. After that, give the solution of eating soda (4 tea spoons in 1 liter water) to him/her. And then, make him/her to vomit. Give him/her water or raw coconut water in additional quantity.

Phinathiazene

Too poisonous. Over lethargy is the main symptom.

Make the sufferer to vomit and then carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Phenol- Lysol, creosote and crycylic acid.

It is too poisonous and may scratch skin, the layers of mouth and throat.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately. Give milk, white part of an egg and olive oil to him/her. Rub olive oil on the skin after washing properly with water.  Carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Pholcodin (a common factor of cough syrup)

Minor poisonous. For children, 200 ml of it is poisonous and more than it is poisonous for an adult. it may generates symptoms like- restlessness, nervousness, abnormal walking, etc.

Make the sufferer to vomit.

Depilatory (hair remover) - Strong poisonous substance named ‘Thallium acetate’ and weak poisonous substance named ‘Barium sulphide’ and ‘Sodium sulphide’ are present in it. Normally, it is eaten by children.

It shows its harmful (poisonous) effects after many hours of eating and symptoms are- malfunction of digestive organs, stomachache, vomiting and diarrhea in which blood may also come, harmful effects on nervous system, heavy eyelids, and cramps in facial muscles, etc. kidneys and liver may also get its harmful affects.

It is very important to make the sufferer’s stomach empty. Make him/her to vomit and then give milk for drinking. Keep his/her body partial lie down and warm. Keep the legs little up than his/her body. It prevents the condition of shock. Give lots of water to the sufferer for protecting his/her kidneys from its harmful effects. Give artificial breath too if necessary. Epsom salt is the best for making him/her to vomit.

Break fluid

Minor poisonous (more than 15 ml)

The sufferer vomits by his/herself.

Battery acid- normally 30% sulphur (sulphuric acid) is present in it.

Poisonous like acid.

Do not try to make the sufferer for vomiting, because it may harm the tissues of esophagus which has been already injured due to acid.

Give water, milk, milk of magnesia or antacid mixture to the sufferer if he/she has no any difficult in drinking it. But, do not give him/her the solution of bicarbonate for drinking.

Bleach chemical (most of them have hypochlorite)

It is minor poison, but may generate violent burning in the stomach.

The sufferer vomits by his/herself. Give him/her milk in additional quantity for drinking.

The head (gunpowder) of match sticks.

Its normal dose is not poisonous.

Give milk to the sufferer for drinking.

Methyl alcohol (It is added in alcohol knowingly for preparing methylated spirit so that the alcohol would become poisonous and the people would not drink it. it is also used in paint, thinner, pain remover, etc. and here it is known as ‘Wood alcohol.’

It is too poisonous may generate symptoms like- headache, stomachache, vomiting, especially on the nerve of sight resulting the sufferer may become blind too.

Normally methyl alcohol is added in poisonous liquor. Therefore, the people are become blind after drinking such liquor even they die too.

Give the dilute solution of eating soda (a tea spoon in 1 liter of water) to the sufferer for making his/her stomach empty. Then, make him/her to vomit again and again by putting your finger inside his/her mouth.

Protect his/her eyes from light. Give artificial breath to him/her if he/she is not able to breathe properly.

 

Methyl calceolate

Little more poisonous like aspirin.

Make the sufferer to vomit and give water and milk in additional quantity for drinking. After vomiting, give the solution of eating soda (a tea spoon in a jug of water) to him/her for drinking. Strong tea or coffee can also be given to him/her for drinking.

Metal cleaner and polish

It is minor poisonous and has mostly white spirit and methylated spirit. It may enter in lungs and may cause pneumonia.

Give the dilute solution of eating soda (a tea spoon in 1 liter of water) to the sufferer making his/her stomach empty. Then, make him/her to vomit again and again by putting your finger inside his/her mouth.

Protect his/her eyes from light. Give artificial breath too if necessary.

 

 

Kerosene oil, diesel, benzene, petrol naphtha, etc.

It is poisonous and its external symptoms depend on its poisonous effects on the brain and lungs. Burning sensation may occur in the stomach, vomiting may take place and the nervous system may also start malfunctioning.

Do not make the sufferer to vomit, because poisonous substances may enter in lungs through breath and he/she may be suffered from pneumonia. Give water and raw coconut water in additional quantity for drinking. Give paraffin liquid if it is available. It is more beneficial comparison to water.

Drugs responsible for urination.

It is minor poisonous.

Make the sufferer to vomit and give liquid substances like- juice, milk, etc. for drinking.

Lubricating liquids

Normally it is not absorbed by intestines and therefore it is not too poisonous.

Give milk to the sufferer for drinking.

Shampoo

Most of the shampoos are not poisonous except those having selenium sulphide or cadmium sulphide.

Few of them have hexachlorform. It shows its poisonous effects only after drinking in over quantity.

Make the sufferer to vomit.

 

 

 

 

 

Disinfectant, phenyl

It is very poisonous. It has crycylic acid that may generate agitation in mouth, skin and throat.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately and give milk to him/her for drinking. Give white part of an egg and olive oil. Rub olive oil on the skin after washing it properly with water. Carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Soap (cake and powder)

It is minor poisonous and may generates vomiting, burning sensation in stomach, diarrhea, etc.

Give milk to the sufferer for drinking.

Cyanide (present in silver polish, chemicals used to kill rat and chemicals used in gardens and farms.

It is very dangerous and effective poison. Only very few people are able to protect him/her lives from the poisoning of real cyanide. It shows its effects rapidly when the chemicals having cyanide are eaten, smelt or when they come in contact of wounds, etc.

Its little dose may generate symptoms like- difficult breathing, mental elusion, retching, diarrhea, much muscular contraction, etc.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately by putting your fingers inside his/her mouth. If amyl nitrate ampoule is available (few people keep it for getting fast relief from heart pain), tie one ampoule in hanky after breaking it and then allow the sufferer to smelt up to 15 to 30 seconds. After giving gap of 2 minutes, do this activity again. Do like this many times and call a doctor.

Lead poisoning ( the poisoning takes place by eating eatables infected by lead compound, breathing such compound or by absorption of it through skin, etc.). Mostly the employees of paints, storage battery and gasoline factories are affected by such poisoning.

It is too poisonous and its symptoms depend on the reaching quantity of it inside the body. few symptoms are- becoming metallic taste, dryness of throat, thirst, pain in stomach, retching, constipation, headache, contraction of few muscles, deficiency of blood, etc.

Give one percent solution of sodium sulphate or apsum salt to the sufferer in case of strong poisoning. It the sufferer is vomiting, give this solution in the quantity of 2-4 glasses and them make him/her to vomit by putting your fingers inside his/her mouth. Keep his/her body warm and carry him/her to a doctor immediately.

Ink (marking ink)

It is minor poison.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately.

Hair dye

It is a minor poison. As much it will be stronger as it will be poisonous.

Make the sufferer to vomit immediately in case of drinking more than 10 ml of it and after that, give milk to him/her for drinking.

Hair spray

Liquid hair spray is very poisonous. It contains methylated spirit in enough quantity.

Give the solution of eating soda (a tea spoon in one liter water) for making him/her stomach empty and then make him/her to vomit many time by putting your fingers inside his/her mouth.

Protect his/her eyes from light. Give artificial breath too if necessary.

 

 

Animal’s poison-

Snake bite- there are many types of snakes found in India, few of them are poisonous and few are non-poisonous. One may die too after biting by any poisonous snake. But, if he/she is treated on time and properly, he/she can get new life also. It is believed that one is gone into the deep condition of unconsciousness and all his/her sense organs are become inactive after snake bite, but others believe him/her as dead. In fact, one should be considered as dead whose head are cracked or bleeding starts from his/her nose and ears.

Symptoms of snake bite- the snake is often disappeared in dark or anywhere after biting. In such condition, it is become difficult to find out that which animal or insects or reptile has bitten. When a snake bits, following symptoms start appearing in the victim’s body-

  • Violent (sharp) pain and swelling are occurred on the affected part.
  • The area (skin) around the bitten place (affected part) is turned in to purple (bluish) and small holes are found on the affected part.
  • The affected person starts feeling nervousness, unconsciousness and sleepy (drowsy).
  • Sometimes, the sufferer’s body is also become insensitive (numb).
  •  Saliva starts dripping as drops from his/her mouth.
  • The eyes balls of the sufferer start contracting.
  • The breathing is stopped and cramps start occurring in his/her hands and legs.
  • The taste of neem leaves become sweet.

Primary treatment-

  • A doctor should be called immediately in case of snake bit. You should try hard to prevent the spreading (multiplication) of snake poison in the entire body until the doctor comes. For this purpose, a piece of clothe or rope or any other means should be tied at little distance from bitten section in the way to the heart so that blood circulation would be stopped and the poison would not spread rapidly in the entire body.
  • After it, cut the affected section little with a sharp knife or any other means and remove out little blood from that section. Then, wash the wound with potassium paramagnet and filled it in that wound.
  • You should need to go on giving hope and courage to the sufferer, because his/her condition may become too worse due to fear.
  • Do not allow him/her to sleep, so you should need to go on sprinkle cold water as drops on his/her face.
  • Hot tea or coffee should be give to the sufferer periodically to keep his/her body warm.
  • If his/her breath has stopped, you should need to give breath to him/her artificially.

Scorpion bite (Scorpion sting) - Scorpion is a poisonous creature. Actually, the Scorpion does not bit, but sting is present on the end of its tail. Poison is filled in the bag of this part.

        When it stings on the body of anyone, it also releases poison along with it which generates symptoms like- nauseate, retching, violent (terrible) pain, a type of tinkling inside the body, etc.

        By spreading its poison in the body, blood circulation becomes slow, but breathing rate becomes fast. It should always be kept in the mind that violent burning sensation around the stung part is the important symptom of Scorpion bite or Scorpion sting)

Primary treatment-

           By putting ice on the affected part, pain is ameliorated. After that, you should need to make arrangement for carrying the sufferer to the nearest hospital.  

What do we do after biting of mad animal? - After biting of any mad animal, it is very necessary to give primary treatment to the sufferer. Wash the bitten (affected) area many times with soap and water. The saliva of that animal is washed out by it and the possibility of being infection is decreased many times. Applying any type of antiseptic cream or solution on wound after drying it is also very beneficial. Many people rub or fill lime or red chilli on the affected part, which is absolutely wrong. Normally, this type of wound should not be stitched. If the wound is big, it is stitched after filling anti-rabies serum. In addition to them, all the necessary preventive vaccines should be taken within 1-2 days after animal’s bite.

How we prevent rabies?-

  • Pet and street dogs and also other animals should be carried and allowed to take anti-rabies vaccine every year.
  •  Keep the dog or other animal, which has bitten anyone, on other place separate from house as tied for 10-15 days. If that animal is suffered from rabies, it will be died within 10 days. If that animal is killed before this time period, let its brain to check.
  • If you have touch or care any mad animal, must take anti-disease vaccine.
  • Doctors, veterinary doctors, those who work in forest and zoo, belongs to skin related works, butcher, etc. should already take necessary vaccines.

How do we identify mad dogs? - A mad dog starts behaving unnaturally (abnormally). Restlessness, hiding from the people, quit eating and drinking, excitement, bite anyone without any reason, walking straightly up to many kilometers, etc. are the symptoms of a mad dog. The jaw muscles of a mad dog is suffered from paralysis resulting its mouth remains as opened all the time; additional salivation from the mouth, coming out the tongue; changing in barking sound too, etc. a mad dog snatches (attacks) on fast walking people, animals and other things. After few days when the madness is aggravated much, almost all the parts of its body are affected by paralysis resulting it becomes unable to eat and drink anything, starts stumbling due to weakness in the legs and at last, it is died within 10 days. 

Symptoms-

  • Marks like sting are found on the sufferer’s body.
  • Holes may appear in hands and legs.
  • Burning sensation, pain or itching may appear on the affected part.
  • If an animal has bite or sting on hand or leg, first of all violent burning sensation will occur on that part and then pain will be aggravated and moved to the entire hand or leg.
  • Swelling or boils will be appeared on the bitten or stung area.
  • The sufferer will feel weakness or vertigo.
  • Pulse rate will become fast or slow and one will feel difficulty in breathing.
  • He/she may also feel nausea or retching.
  • Symptoms like- stiffness in chest, muscular stretchiness or joints’ pain may occur.
  • The sufferer may be also suffered from profuse sweating or salivation.
  • Violent allergy and unconsciousness may also occur in few people due to poison.

What do we do in such condition? - make the sufferer lie down on the floor or bed with lower his head comparison to the body. Scratch the stings or boils present on his/her skin through blade or any other sharp but hard means. Never pull out the sting with hand or tongs. By scratching with blade, the sting will come out by itself.

        Put ice bag on the affected part or rub ice piece on it. If one is sensitive about sting, carry him/her to a doctor immediately along with providing emergency treatment. If he/she knows about his/her sensitivity about sting, he/she should keep first aid kit with him/her for getting injection. In fact, the treatment of such patient is started by giving the injection of adrenaline.

        If the patient’s condition is serious, you should need to go on giving artificial breath to him/her until a doctor comes as well as go on massaging his/her chest too. If his/her mouth, nose or neck has affected by sting, try to provide doctor’s help (medical treatment) immediately. Actually, the sufferer starts feeling difficulty in breathing due to swelling come on these parts which may be dangerous for his/her life.

Insect’s bite-

  • Remove out the sting with the help of needle, blade or nails. Never use tongs for pulling out the sting. There is a chance to release the remaining poison of the sting inside the body by pressure of the tongs.
  • Wash the wound with any medicated soap or detol and water. Put ice on the stung part for preventing swelling. If hydrocortisone cream is available, apply it on the affected part, it ameliorates swelling.    

Do not touch the insect-

  • If the insect has stuck with your skin, bring a burning cigarette or match stick nearer to it for removing out. Due to heat of cigarette or match stick, the insect leaves your skin. But be careful, because it may burn your skin too.
  • The place, on which the insects has stuck, should be washed with detol or soap and water properly and then dry it.    

Family treatment of diminishing different types of poisons-

Snake poison-

  • Snake poison is diminished (get down) by drinking the urine of human being.
  • By taking the root of chaulai after grinding it with rice water, snake poison is also go down (diminished).
  • Snake poison is also diminished by taking purgative drugs, after grinding it with ghee, with cold water.
  • Filter after grinding the items like- ghee, honey, butter, peepal, ginger, black pepper, rock salt, etc. and then give their mixture to the sufferer for drinking. It diminishes snake poison.        

Scorpion poison-

  • Scorpion poison is diminished (go down) by rubbing the seeds of kaunch on the affected part after uncovering them.
  • This type of poison is also diminished by rubbing the lemon juice on the affected part.
  • Grind the cotton leave and black mustard together and then apply its paste on the affected part, it diminishes Scorpion poison.
  • Mix about 30 grams of garlic juice and 30 grams honey together and then give this mixture to the sufferer, it diminishes Scorpion poison soon.
  • Only by showing the root of azjhara (chirmita, apamarg or onga), normal Scorpion poison is diminished. If the root of it is applied on the affected after rubbing in water, it proves beneficial soon.   

Rat’s poison-

  • Mix caith juice and dung juice with honey and then by leaking it, rat’s poison is diminished.
  • By drinking the root of siras with rice water, goat’s urine or honey, rat’s poison is diminished.

Wasp’s poison-

  • By drinking small peepal after grinding it with water, wasp’s poison is diminished.
  • By applying sulphur after grinding it in water, wasp’s poison is diminished.  

Dog’s poison-

  • Applying aak milk on the affected part is very beneficial.
  • First of all, apply the oil of earthen lamp (Diya) on the affected part and then fill red chilli in the wound.  Tie a stripe tightly after putting white spider web over it, it will be beneficial.      
  • Churn 10 grams lishaura leaves and 1 gram black pepper with 125 grams of water and then drinking this mixture up to 9 to 15 days regularly. This type of poison is diminished by itself.  

Spider’s poison-

  • Grind chalk and turmeric with water and then by applying this paste on the affected part, spider’s poison is diminished.
  • Grind saunth and white fenugreek in water and then apply this paste prepared on the affected part, it diminishes this type of poison.
  • By applying the paste of the greens of chaulai prepared after grinding with water, spider’s poison is diminished. 

Mineral (immovable) poison-

  • Grind about 10 grams the root of green chaulai in water and then eating with cow’s ghee, hot poison is diminished. If the root is dried, take only 6 grams of it.
  • Grind the fruits of need with water and then drink; it diminishes the poison of sankhiya.
  • By drinking the stool of cock after adding it in water, poison is come out from the body along with vomiting materials.
  • By drinking black pepper, neem’s leaves, neem’s fruits, rock salt, honey and ghee after mixing them together, both immovable (mineral) and movable poisons are diminished.
  • Boil the kernel of binaulo after grinding with milk and then drink; it diminishes many types of poisons.

Grind the bark, root, leave, fruits and seeds of siras with cow’s urine and then apply it on the body, it diminishes poison.